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Penn LDI highlights a study conducted by research associates at PARC, Guy David and Alon Bergman, revealing that advanced care is less prevalent in communities characterized by greater deprivation. 


"Do Wealth and Poverty Affect Access to Less-Invasive Cardiac Surgery?" Penn LDI, C Tachibana, March 13, 2024. 

G David, A Bergman, et al. “Limited Access to Aortic Valve Procedures in Socioeconomically Disadvantaged Areas,” Journal of the American Heart Association.